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Grant

A Schema.org Type

This term is proposed for full integration into Schema.org, pending implementation feedback and adoption from applications and websites.
A grant, typically financial or otherwise quantifiable, of resources. Typically a funder sponsors some MonetaryAmount to an Organization or Person, sometimes not necessarily via a dedicated or long-lived Project, resulting in one or more outputs, or fundedItems. For financial sponsorship, indicate the funder of a MonetaryGrant. For non-financial support, indicate sponsor of Grants of resources (e.g. office space).

Grants support activities directed towards some agreed collective goals, often but not always organized as Projects. Long-lived projects are sometimes sponsored by a variety of grants over time, but it is also common for a project to be associated with a single grant.

The amount of a Grant is represented using amount as a MonetaryAmount.
PropertyExpected TypeDescription
Properties from Grant
fundedItem BioChemEntity  or
CreativeWork  or
Event  or
MedicalEntity  or
Organization  or
Person  or
Product
Indicates something directly or indirectly funded or sponsored through a Grant. See also ownershipFundingInfo.
Inverse property: funding
funder Organization  or
Person
A person or organization that supports (sponsors) something through some kind of financial contribution.
sponsor Organization  or
Person
A person or organization that supports a thing through a pledge, promise, or financial contribution. e.g. a sponsor of a Medical Study or a corporate sponsor of an event.
Properties from Thing
additionalType URL An additional type for the item, typically used for adding more specific types from external vocabularies in microdata syntax. This is a relationship between something and a class that the thing is in. In RDFa syntax, it is better to use the native RDFa syntax - the 'typeof' attribute - for multiple types. Schema.org tools may have only weaker understanding of extra types, in particular those defined externally.
alternateName Text An alias for the item.
description Text A description of the item.
disambiguatingDescription Text A sub property of description. A short description of the item used to disambiguate from other, similar items. Information from other properties (in particular, name) may be necessary for the description to be useful for disambiguation.
identifier PropertyValue  or
Text  or
URL
The identifier property represents any kind of identifier for any kind of Thing, such as ISBNs, GTIN codes, UUIDs etc. Schema.org provides dedicated properties for representing many of these, either as textual strings or as URL (URI) links. See background notes for more details.
image ImageObject  or
URL
An image of the item. This can be a URL or a fully described ImageObject.
mainEntityOfPage CreativeWork  or
URL
Indicates a page (or other CreativeWork) for which this thing is the main entity being described. See background notes for details.
Inverse property: mainEntity
name Text The name of the item.
potentialAction Action Indicates a potential Action, which describes an idealized action in which this thing would play an 'object' role.
sameAs URL URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item's identity. E.g. the URL of the item's Wikipedia page, Wikidata entry, or official website.
subjectOf CreativeWork  or
Event
A CreativeWork or Event about this Thing.
Inverse property: about
url URL URL of the item.

Instances of Grant may appear as a value for the following properties
PropertyOn TypesDescription
funding BioChemEntity  or
CreativeWork  or
Event  or
MedicalEntity  or
Organization  or
Person  or
Product
A Grant that directly or indirectly provide funding or sponsorship for this item. See also ownershipFundingInfo.

More specific Types

Source

https://github.com/schemaorg/schemaorg/issues/383

https://www.w3.org/wiki/WebSchemas/SchemaDotOrgSources#FundInfoCollab


Examples

Example 1
Copied
Example notes or example HTML without markup.
Basic Grant example.
Example encoded as Microdata embedded in HTML.
TODO
Example encoded as RDFa embedded in HTML.
TODO
Example encoded as JSON-LD in a HTML script tag.
<script type="application/ld+json">
{
  "@context": "https://schema.org",
  "@type": "Dataset",
  "@id": "https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.m53r1",
  "funding": {
    "@type": "Grant",
    "identifier": "1452510",
    "funder": {
      "@type": "Organization",
      "name": "National Science Foundation",
      "identifier": "https://doi.org/10.13039/100000001"
     }
   }
}
</script>
Structured representation of the JSON-LD example.
Example 2
Copied
Example notes or example HTML without markup.
Basic research output (dataset) example without detailed grant information.
Example encoded as Microdata embedded in HTML.
TODO
Example encoded as RDFa embedded in HTML.
TODO
Example encoded as JSON-LD in a HTML script tag.
<script type="application/ld+json">
{
  "@context": "https://schema.org",
  "@type": "Dataset",
  "@id": "https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.m53r1",
  "funder": {
     "@type": "Organization",
     "name": "National Science Foundation",
     "identifier": "https://doi.org/10.13039/100000001"
  }
}
</script>
Structured representation of the JSON-LD example.
Example 3
Copied
Example notes or example HTML without markup.
Showing funding of a researcher.
Example encoded as Microdata embedded in HTML.
TODO
Example encoded as RDFa embedded in HTML.
TODO
Example encoded as JSON-LD in a HTML script tag.
<script type="application/ld+json">
{
  "@context": "https://schema.org",
  "@type": "Person",
  "name": "Turner, Caroline B.",
  "givenName": "Caroline B.",
  "familyName": "Turner",
  "funding": {
     "@type": "Grant",
     "identifier": "1448821",
     "funder": {
       "@type": "Organization",
       "name": "National Science Foundation",
       "identifier": "https://doi.org/10.13039/100000001"
     }
   }
}
</script>
Structured representation of the JSON-LD example.
Example 4
Copied
Example notes or example HTML without markup.
A scientific dataset.
Example encoded as Microdata embedded in HTML.
TODO
Example encoded as RDFa embedded in HTML.
TODO
Example encoded as JSON-LD in a HTML script tag.
<script type="application/ld+json">
{
  "@context": "https://schema.org",
  "@type": "Person",
  "name": "Turner, Caroline B.",
  "givenName": "Caroline B.",
  "familyName": "Turner",
  "funding": {
     "@type": "Grant",
     "identifier": "1448821",
     "funder": {
       "@type": "Organization",
       "name": "National Science Foundation",
       "identifier": "https://doi.org/10.13039/100000001"
     }
   }
}
</script>
Structured representation of the JSON-LD example.
Example 5
Copied
Example notes or example HTML without markup.
EXample showing a research project that was funded by 3 grants.
Example encoded as Microdata embedded in HTML.
TODO
Example encoded as RDFa embedded in HTML.
TODO
Example encoded as JSON-LD in a HTML script tag.
<script type="application/ld+json">
{
  "@context": "https://schema.org/",
  "@type": "ResearchProject",
  "name": "U.S. GLOBEC Southern Ocean",
  "url": "https://www.bco-dmo.org/project/2039",
  "funding": [
    {
      "@type": "MonetaryGrant",
      "name": "Foraging Ecology of Crabeater Seals (Lobodon Carcinophagus)",
      "alternateName": "ANT-9909933",
      "url": "https://www.bco-dmo.org/award/54719",
      "sameAs": "https://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward?AWD_ID=9909933",
      "funder": {
        "@id": "https://doi.org/10.13039/100000162",
        "@type": "FundingAgency",
        "name": "NSF Antarctic Sciences",
        "alternateName": "NSF ANT",
        "url": "https://www.bco-dmo.org/funding-source/369",
        "sameAs": "https://doi.org/10.13039/100000162",
        "parentOrganization": {
          "@type": "FundingAgency",
          "name": "National Science Foundation",
          "alternateName":  "NSF",
          "sameAs": "https://doi.org/10.13039/100000001"
        }
      }
    },
    {
      "@type": "MonetaryGrant",
      "name": "GLOBEC: Sea Ice Microbial Communities",
      "alternateName": "ANT-9910098",
      "url": "https://www.bco-dmo.org/award/54688",
      "sameAs": "https://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward?AWD_ID=9910098",
      "funder": {"@id": "https://doi.org/10.13039/100000162"}
    },
    {
      "@type": "MonetaryGrant",
      "name": "unknown SOGLOBEC NSF ANT",
      "url": "https://www.bco-dmo.org/award/54617",
      "funder": {"@id": "https://doi.org/10.13039/100000162"}
    }
  ]
}
</script>
Structured representation of the JSON-LD example.
Example 6
Copied
Example notes or example HTML without markup.
A scientific dataset.
Example encoded as Microdata embedded in HTML.
TODO
Example encoded as RDFa embedded in HTML.
TODO
Example encoded as JSON-LD in a HTML script tag.
<script type="application/ld+json">
{
  "@context": "https://schema.org",
  "@type": "Person",
  "name": "Turner, Caroline B.",
  "givenName": "Caroline B.",
  "familyName": "Turner",
  "funding": {
     "@type": "Grant",
     "identifier": "1448821",
     "funder": {
       "@type": "Organization",
       "name": "National Science Foundation",
       "identifier": "https://doi.org/10.13039/100000001"
     }
   }
}
</script>
Structured representation of the JSON-LD example.
Example 7
Copied
Example notes or example HTML without markup.
EXample showing that a data repository was funded by the US National Science Foundation.
Example encoded as Microdata embedded in HTML.
TODO
Example encoded as RDFa embedded in HTML.
TODO
Example encoded as JSON-LD in a HTML script tag.
<script type="application/ld+json">

{
  "@context": "https://schema.org/",
  "@id": "https://www.bco-dmo.org",
  "@type": "Organization",
  "name": "Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office",
  "alternateName": "BCO-DMO",
  "url": "https://www.bco-dmo.org",
  "funding": {
    "@type": "MonetaryGrant",
    "name": "BCO-DMO: Accelerating Scientific Discovery through Adaptive Data Management",
    "url": "https://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward?AWD_ID=1924618",
    "funder": {
      "@type": "FundingAgency",
      "name": "National Science Foundation",
      "alternateName":  "NSF",
      "sameAs": "https://doi.org/10.13039/100000001"
    }
  }
}

</script>
Structured representation of the JSON-LD example.